Victim blaming occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially responsible for the harm that befell them.
The study of victimology seeks to mitigate the perception of victims as responsible. There is a greater tendency to blame victims of rape than victims of robbery in cases where victims and perpetrators know one another. In some cases local and government laws may even shield perpetrators.
In the United States and Canada, rape is unique in that it is the only crime in which there are statutory protections designed in favor of the accuser.